LIST OF STRENGTHS OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN REGIONS UNDER ANALYSIS
- Integration of public transport
LIST OF STRENGTHS OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN REGIONS UNDER ANALYSIS
The first in nearly 40 years railway line in Poland built from scratch. When it was put into operation in 2015, the newly built railway line was 18 km in length and had eight stops and the most advancedrailway traffic control and safety systems in Poland. PKM line connected Gdansk and Gdynia with Lech Walesa Airport and the Kashubian region (Koscierzyna and Kartuzy), and facilitated traveling between the centres of the city and the outskirts. The project has been still under development.
In December 2017, another two stops, Gdynia Karwiny and Gdynia Stadion were put into operation. Between 2020 and 2023, the electrification of PKM line is scheduled as well as the construction of another station, Gdansk Firoga.
PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN KLAIPEDA
New route-taxi service was launched on April 16th, 2018 together with new integrated e-ticketing system. Launching of this project finished service integration in Klaipeda, and started implementation of new e-ticketing system which will be finished in October, 2018.
Intercombi ticket for a quick visit to neighbors
The Intercombi-Ticket aims to further promote mobility between German-Danish neighbours. The European Union promotes cross-border integration between Rostock and the neighbouring Danish municipality Guldborgsund with attractive passenger transport services. According to Andrea Doliwa of Verkehrsverbund Warnow (VVW), "This ticket combines the individually purchased tickets of cooperation partners VVW, Scandlines and Movia."
NEW BUSES IN BLEKINGE 2014
In the latest procurement covering bus operator in Blekinge 120 new buses were put into operation all over Blekinge. Thanks to this investment, the Blekinge region has become the most environmentally friendly region in Sweden with the fossil-free fuel HVO (Hydrated vegetable oils) in 96% of buses and a number of electric-hybrid-buses in the cities. The new contract provided 100% buses adapted to the needs of people with disabilities.
NEW TRAMS OF THE ROSTOCKER STRASSENBAHN AG
Since 2015, 13 new trams are more energy efficient than the previous models. High-performance energy storage units (so-called “supercaps”) on the roofs of new trams store valuable braking energy. That energy is reused for starting the bus as well as for heating and air conditioning. Furthermore, RSAG purchases electricity from renewable energy sources.
The most recent study visit within the framework of the Interconnect project took place in Klaipeda, Lithuania. On 21st May, the project partners from Germany, Poland, Sweden, Estonia and Lithuania met at the “Klaipedos keleivinis transportas” headquarters in order to analyze solutions used in public transport in this region of Lithuania.
The management of the Klaipeda city transport introduced a number of innovative solutions in public transport earlier this year including a new ticket system and management system of the Estonian company Ridango.
Mayors of Rostock and Guldborgsund celebrated the 5th anniversary of twin-city ship. The Danish delegation travelled without passenger cars or bus, as pedestrian passengers, experienced the meanwhile attractive "Baltic Sea crossing" public transport services, which are offered in cooperation with the transport companies Movia, Scandlines and Verkehrsverbund Warnow.
All analysed regions tend to provide public transport services using the most modern fleet of vehicles.
It is also intended to introduce into operation vehicles which are most friendly to the environment (powered by electric energy, CNG or meet the highest Euro emission standards). All analysed regions also tend to ensure the highest availability of public transport for people with disabilities. To this end, in Rostock all tram stops and the majority of bus stops (62%) have been so designed to remove all barriers for people with disabilities. Moreover, the fleet of vehicles is also adapted to render transport services for people with disabilities. All buses are low-floor buses and are equipped with wheelchair ramp. Also in Klaipeda all city buses, new route-taxi, both 12-meter and 16.5-meter are low-floor buses.
The degree of public transport integration is one of the factors affecting the attractiveness and quality of rendered services. The integration of public transport services makes
it possible to:
•strengthen the competitive edge of collective transport relative to individual transport,
•reduce the costs of public transport services through eliminating lines that substitute each other,
•increase the scale and effectiveness of performed marketing activities (more effective ticket distribution, better possibilities to differentiate prices, more effective promotion
of public transport, and easier transfer of information from enterprise to client).
On the 13th and 14th of May the Euroregion Baltic Board meeting was held in Kalmar, Sweden.
On the 14th, Mr Mattias Andersson from Blekinge Region, as Interconnect Project manager, and Ms Agata Ludwiczak, as Interconnect Communication manager, presented the project to all ERB Board members, Youth Board members, Secretariats members and stakeholders.
In all analysed regions there are tickets for passengers who do not use public transport regularly, but occasionally or for a single journey (single-journey/hour/24-hour tickets). There are also seasonal tickets (30-day/monthly/90-day/semester tickets) for passengers who use public transport regularly to meet their daily travel needs. Among regions under analysis, Bleckinge and Pomorskie provide the largest offer of public transport tickets.
The Rostock-Guldborgsund team discussed on 11.4.2019 before stared the fine tuning of updated action plan for further regional integration across Baltic. The regiopolis city of Rostock and Guldborgsund are twin cities. The still too formal town twinning should be filled with citizens life; the Regiopolis city of Rostock has enormouse attraction. In addition: the now attractive cross border transport infrastructure is to be experienced in practice; one can easily use the ferry to Denmark without a car in order to comfortably reach one's destination. The intermodal transport chain consisting of public transport - ferry - public transport works; the timetables are harmonised.
On the one hand, the mobility of society contributes to social and economic development, on the other, generates adverse effects (congestion, accidents, pollution of environment, noise, etc.). In order to counteract excessive negative impact of transport it is necessary to rationalize the division of tasks between public and individual (mainly private cars) transport. Sustainable transport especially in cities requires reduced number and distance of travels made by the inhabitants. Therefore, the sustainable transport development requires proper spatial development and optimal public transport development.
DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITIES OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
To make planning, management and organization of public transport effective it is necessary to assign particular tasks to entities responsible for them. In the analysed regions the responsibility for public transport operation is divided between local governments, public transport authorities and specialized departments in city halls and municipal offices.