NEW TRAMS OF THE ROSTOCKER STRASSENBAHN AG
Since 2015, 13 new trams are more energy efficient than the previous models. High-performance energy storage units (so-called “supercaps”) on the roofs of new trams store valuable braking energy. That energy is reused for starting the bus as well as for heating and air conditioning. Furthermore, RSAG purchases electricity from renewable energy sources.
The most recent study visit within the framework of the Interconnect project took place in Klaipeda, Lithuania. On 21st May, the project partners from Germany, Poland, Sweden, Estonia and Lithuania met at the “Klaipedos keleivinis transportas” headquarters in order to analyze solutions used in public transport in this region of Lithuania.
The management of the Klaipeda city transport introduced a number of innovative solutions in public transport earlier this year including a new ticket system and management system of the Estonian company Ridango.
Mayors of Rostock and Guldborgsund celebrated the 5th anniversary of twin-city ship. The Danish delegation travelled without passenger cars or bus, as pedestrian passengers, experienced the meanwhile attractive "Baltic Sea crossing" public transport services, which are offered in cooperation with the transport companies Movia, Scandlines and Verkehrsverbund Warnow.
All analysed regions tend to provide public transport services using the most modern fleet of vehicles.
It is also intended to introduce into operation vehicles which are most friendly to the environment (powered by electric energy, CNG or meet the highest Euro emission standards). All analysed regions also tend to ensure the highest availability of public transport for people with disabilities. To this end, in Rostock all tram stops and the majority of bus stops (62%) have been so designed to remove all barriers for people with disabilities. Moreover, the fleet of vehicles is also adapted to render transport services for people with disabilities. All buses are low-floor buses and are equipped with wheelchair ramp. Also in Klaipeda all city buses, new route-taxi, both 12-meter and 16.5-meter are low-floor buses.
The degree of public transport integration is one of the factors affecting the attractiveness and quality of rendered services. The integration of public transport services makes
it possible to:
•strengthen the competitive edge of collective transport relative to individual transport,
•reduce the costs of public transport services through eliminating lines that substitute each other,
•increase the scale and effectiveness of performed marketing activities (more effective ticket distribution, better possibilities to differentiate prices, more effective promotion
of public transport, and easier transfer of information from enterprise to client).
On the 13th and 14th of May the Euroregion Baltic Board meeting was held in Kalmar, Sweden.
On the 14th, Mr Mattias Andersson from Blekinge Region, as Interconnect Project manager, and Ms Agata Ludwiczak, as Interconnect Communication manager, presented the project to all ERB Board members, Youth Board members, Secretariats members and stakeholders.
In all analysed regions there are tickets for passengers who do not use public transport regularly, but occasionally or for a single journey (single-journey/hour/24-hour tickets). There are also seasonal tickets (30-day/monthly/90-day/semester tickets) for passengers who use public transport regularly to meet their daily travel needs. Among regions under analysis, Bleckinge and Pomorskie provide the largest offer of public transport tickets.
The Rostock-Guldborgsund team discussed on 11.4.2019 before stared the fine tuning of updated action plan for further regional integration across Baltic. The regiopolis city of Rostock and Guldborgsund are twin cities. The still too formal town twinning should be filled with citizens life; the Regiopolis city of Rostock has enormouse attraction. In addition: the now attractive cross border transport infrastructure is to be experienced in practice; one can easily use the ferry to Denmark without a car in order to comfortably reach one's destination. The intermodal transport chain consisting of public transport - ferry - public transport works; the timetables are harmonised.
On the one hand, the mobility of society contributes to social and economic development, on the other, generates adverse effects (congestion, accidents, pollution of environment, noise, etc.). In order to counteract excessive negative impact of transport it is necessary to rationalize the division of tasks between public and individual (mainly private cars) transport. Sustainable transport especially in cities requires reduced number and distance of travels made by the inhabitants. Therefore, the sustainable transport development requires proper spatial development and optimal public transport development.
DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITIES OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
To make planning, management and organization of public transport effective it is necessary to assign particular tasks to entities responsible for them. In the analysed regions the responsibility for public transport operation is divided between local governments, public transport authorities and specialized departments in city halls and municipal offices.
MAP OF REGIONS UNDER ANALYSIS
The South Baltic regions which constitute the area of research within INTERCONNECT project include:
Blekinge (Sweden), Guldborgsund (Denmark), Klaipeda (Lithuania), Pomorskie Voivodeship (Poland), the City of Rostock (Germany) and Viimsi Municipality, (Estonia).
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The EU passenger car fleet grew by 4.5% from 2012 to 2016 (the number of vehicles on the road went from 241 to 252 million). The growing trend as for the number of private cars can be observed in almost all countries subject to analysis (table 3). Research conducted in Sweden shows that 83% of their households have got at least one private car (in Poland 63%, in Denmark 60%).
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To change the inhabitants’ travel behaviour and encourage as many of them as possible to use public transport instead of private cars subsequent local governments in various countries decide to introduce zero-fare public transport services. We can observe a wide range of various solutions applied. Depending on the conditions fare-free travels apply to: school children, people of certain age (most often seniors), people registered within a particular area, residents of a particular country, and all people without any exceptions (including tourists).
The offer of public transport, its quality and share in modal split affect the EU inhabitants' quality of life. The reduction in the number of travels by private cars contributes to limiting the costs of congestion, volume of emitted noise and air pollution as well as the number of road accidents.
By definition, public transport is “a system of vehicles such as buses and trains that operate at regular times on fixed routes and are used by the public”. The four basic aims of public transport operation include:
•provide access to employment, education, retail, health, recreational facilities, etc.
•ensuring the possibility to travel for all inhabitants who cannot or do not want to use private cars;
•providing travels compared to which the use of private car is ineffective for economic, time-based or ecological reasons;
•being the actual alternative to private car.
On 11.4.2019 the Interconnect partner network of Rostock (containing City of Rostock, RSAG -local transport association and regional planning association region Rostock) invited to a joint activity WP 5.1 and 5.2 workshop to the Hanseatic City of Rostock. Rostock is WP 5 leader of the INTERCONNECT project. Most of Rostock's activities with WP partners will be implemented in 2019, considering the first outcomes from other work packages.